More information is available in the RSPB and JNCC`s Wild Birds and the Law with online information on habitat and species regulations that protect animals such as bats, otters and roosts across Europe. Section 10 of the Act provides that if an inspector believes that a person is not complying with section 9 (by accommodating the needs of an animal), the inspector may send the person a notice of improvement. The issuance and renewal of a notification are discretionary; Immediate action can be taken without the need for notice of improvement. The notice must indicate the reasons why the inspector reached this conclusion, the measures considered necessary to comply with the requirements and the time frame within which appropriate measures must be taken to comply with the compliance. An inspector is defined as being appointed by a national or local authority (art. 51). Ignoring an improvement notice would be an aggravating circumstance in a subsequent court case. The Wildlife Act applies to all wildlife kept in captivity or living in the wild. To keep a wild animal in captivity, you may need to apply for a permit.
Article 4(2) is `complicity`.  A criminal offence occurs when a person responsible for an animal fails to take reasonable steps (in all circumstances) to prevent another person (by his act or omission) from causing unnecessary suffering to that animal. (1) Subject to section 5 of this Act, no person shall keep dangerous wild animals unless a permit is issued by a local authority in accordance with the provisions of this Act. To be guilty of an offence under subsection 8(1), the offender must have committed one of the following acts: causing or attempting to provoke an animal fight; knowingly received money for admission to an animal fight; knowingly published a planned fight; have provided information about an animal fight with the intention of facilitating or promoting participation in a fight; placed or accepted a bet on the outcome of a fight; participated in an animal fight; possessed something intended for use in combat; kept or trained an animal in combat; or held premises for an animal fight. Organized animal fighting is prohibited by article 8 of the law. An animal fight is defined as a scenario in which a protected animal is “brought together” into an animal or human to “fight, fight or bait” (§ 8 (7)). This limits the definition to certain activities and requires proof of intent to constitute a criminal offence. Wild animals are kept in captivity for many reasons – learn about the difficulties of keeping wild animals This wording can be considered an inconsistency. What is a lawful purpose or activity where “good practices” may be less important? Some acts may constitute an offence within the meaning of article 9 and others may not, provided that they are carried out under separate legislation. However, this is not an absolute defence; it is for the Court to take that into account. For example, paragraph 3 could deal with wild animals in circuses, for which there are separate regulations (at the time of writing). Subsection 2 sets out the obligations to promote animal welfare arising from the “Five Freedoms” established in 1979 by the Farm Animal Welfare Council (now the Committee)  and originally set out in the 1965 Bramble Report.
 This section requires the animal to consider the needs of (a) an appropriate environment; (b) appropriate nutrition; (c) the ability to display normal behaviour; (d) be housed with or separately from other animals, as required by the animal; (e) be protected from pain, suffering, injury and illness (clause 9(2)). Articles 22 and 23 also provide for the use of an arrest warrant (which may cover private accommodation in certain circumstances), while article 52 sets out the detailed conditions under which an arrest warrant is examined and issued. These provisions apply to animals involved in fighting crime and entering in search of evidence of other offences under the Act and its regulations, which may have been issued under section 12 of the Act. Again, only reasonable faith is required. In certain circumstances, an arrest warrant may be issued without notifying the resident; It must be demonstrated that the entry is urgent and that the purpose of entering the premises would be cancelled by a notification (S52). An arrest warrant may, if necessary, permit the use of appropriate force. During the execution of an arrest warrant, a police officer or inspector may, among other things, take samples, seize evidence and have an autopsy of the animal performed (Schedule 2). It is an offence to intentionally prevent a person from exercising his or her Schedule 2 powers.