Why Drug Legalization Should Be Opposed

Nicholas Green, chairman of the Bar Council, commented in a report published in the profession`s magazine, saying drug-related crime costs the UK economy around £13 billion a year and there is growing evidence that decriminalisation could free up police resources, reduce crime and recidivism and improve public health. [17] A World Health Organization report states: “As cannabis is an illegal drug, cultivation, harvesting and distribution are not subject to quality control mechanisms to ensure the reliability and safety of the product used by consumers. In developing countries such as Kenya, it is generally accepted that illegal alcohol production can lead to contamination by toxic by-products or adulterants that can kill or seriously harm the health of consumers. The same can be applied to illicit drugs such as opiates, cocaine and amphetamines in developed societies. [63] Scott Morgan recounts how he once participated in a discussion of Peter Reuters and David Boyum`s book, An Analytic Assessment of U.S. Drug Policy, in which the authors admitted to ignoring the option of legalization in their analysis. Boyum claimed that there was no legitimate political support for ending the war on drugs and that he and Reuters had therefore limited themselves to recommendations they considered politically viable. [185] The UK drug policy reform group Release believes that the stigma associated with drug use must be eliminated. One of Release`s actions was to fight this stigma with the advertising campaign “Nice People Take Drugs”.

[180] Claims that cannabis is much more potent than it was before are also dubious, with “horror numbers” skewed by comparing the weakest cannabis of the past with the strongest of today. [77] Numbers on mentions of marijuana use in the emergency room can also be misleading, as “mentioning” a drug during an emergency room visit does not mean that the drug was the cause of the visit. [78] [79] The editor of the British Medical Journal, Dr. Fiona Godlee, personally supported Roles` call for decriminalization, and the arguments were particularly supported by Sir Ian Gilmore, former president of the Royal College of Physicians, who said we should treat drugs “as a health problem rather than criminalizing people” and “this could significantly reduce crime and improve health.” Our team`s research on Portugal suggests that rates of drug use do not increase with decriminalization and that there are measurable savings for the criminal justice system. The US “war on drugs” has contributed significantly to political instability in South America. The huge profits that can be made from cocaine and other drugs grown in South America are largely due to the fact that they are illegal in the wealthy neighboring country. This causes people in the relatively poor countries of Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil to break their own laws by organizing the cultivation, preparation and trafficking of cocaine to the United States. This has allowed criminal, paramilitary and guerrilla groups to make huge profits, exacerbating already serious law and order and political problems. In Bolivia, the political rise of former President Evo Morales was directly linked to his popular movement against U.S.-sponsored coca eradication and criminalization policies. However, coca has been cultivated in the Andes for centuries.

Among their various legitimate uses, coca leaves are chewed and steeped like a tea known to reduce the effects of human altitude sickness for their mild stimulant and appetite suppressant effects. Rural farmers in poor areas where coca has historically been grown often find themselves at the difficult and potentially violent intersection of state-sponsored eradication efforts, illicit cocaine growers and traffickers seeking coca stocks, anti-government paramilitary forces selling cocaine as a revolutionary source of funding, and the historical difficulties of rural subsistence farming (or its alternative). typical – their land). and in an urban slum). In some areas, coca crops and other farmers are often destroyed by U.S.-sponsored eradication treatments (usually sprayed from the air with varying degrees of discrimination), whether or not farmers directly supply the cocaine trade, thereby destroying their livelihoods. Agricultural producers in these countries face additional pressure to grow coca for cocaine trafficking by dumping subsidized agricultural products (fruits, vegetables, grains, etc.) produced by Western countries (mainly agricultural surpluses in the US and EU) (see BBC reference below), reducing prices they might otherwise receive for alternative crops such as maize. The net effect may be lower prices for all crops, which can both make farmers` livelihoods more precarious and cocaine stocks cheaper for cocaine growers. In the American Journal of Public Health, Andrew Golub and Bruce Johnson of the National Institute of Development and Research in New York wrote that young people who smoked marijuana in the generations before and after baby boomers were unlikely to switch to harder drugs. [45] The above moral arguments also apply to decriminalization – less severe penalties may indicate that society approves of drug use. A twin study (involving 510 pairs of same-sex twins) adjusted for additional confounders such as peer drug use found that cannabis use and associations with later hard drug use only existed for non-identical twins. The study suggests that the causal role of cannabis use in subsequent hard drug use is minimal, if at all, and that cannabis use and hard drug use share the same influencing factors such as genetics and environment. [47] [48] None of this should deter further analysis of drug legalization.

In particular, a rigorous assessment of a set of hypothetical regulatory regimes against a common set of variables would clarify their potential costs, benefits and trade-offs. In addition to the rigour required in any future discussion of the alternative to legalization, such an analysis could foster the same level of scrutiny of current drug control programs and policies. With the situation deteriorating in the United States and abroad, there is no better time for a fundamental reassessment of whether our current responses to this problem are sufficient to meet the likely challenges. Janet Crist of the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy said anti-drug efforts “have had no direct impact on the price or availability of cocaine on our streets.” [139] In addition, drug traffickers show young children expensive jewelry and clothing. [140] Some of these children are interested in making money quickly instead of doing legitimate jobs. [141] Decriminalization of drugs would eliminate “glamorous Al Capone-style traffickers who are role models for youth.” [142] Caught in the crossfire. Just as alcohol prohibition fueled violent gangsterism in the 1920s, today`s drug prohibition has spawned a culture of drive-by shootings and other gun crimes. And just as most of the violence of the 1920s was not committed by drunk people, most drug-related violence today is not committed by people who use drugs. Murders, then as now, are based on rivalries: Al Capone ordered the execution of rival smugglers, and drug traffickers are now killing their rivals. A 1989 government study of 193 “cocaine-related” murders in New York found that 87 percent resulted from rivalries and disagreements related to doing business in an illegal market. In only one case was the perpetrator actually under the influence of cocaine.

Despite the fact that most drug-related offenders are non-violent,[136] the stigma associated with conviction can prevent employment and education. [137] After supplying a significant portion of the world`s poppy for heroin production, Afghanistan produced virtually no illicit drugs in 2000 (after being banned by the Taliban) and now grows up to 90 percent of the world`s opium. [107] The Taliban are currently believed to be heavily supported by the opium trade there. [108] Former ONDCP Director John P.