The Law Commission of India is a now-defunct executive body established by order of the Government of India. The commission is charged with investigating and advising the Indian government on legal reform, is composed of legal experts and is headed by a retired judge. The Commission is established for a limited term and acts as an advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice. The last President of the Commission retired in August 2018 and has not been reconstituted since. In an earlier reply to Parliament, the trade union government had stated that the issue could be examined by the 22nd Legal Affairs Committee under the Uniform Civil Code (UCC). The 21st Legal Commission stated in its 2018 recommendation that the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) was “neither necessary nor desirable at this stage.” This appointment comes more than two years after notification to the 22nd Legal Committee on 24 February 2020. With all its past and present work, which is continuously made available on the Internet, the Commission has also actively supported legal research in the country. [ref. needed] The fact that a number of its reports have been received and edited by the various ministries to change the legal scenario is in itself a sufficient indicator of the Commission`s role in promoting legislative reform in India. [ref. needed] The first legal commission was established during colonial rule in India by the East India Company under the Charter Act 1833 under the chairmanship of Lord Macaulay.
After that, three more commissions were established in pre-independent India. The first Legal Commission of independent India was established in 1955 for a three-year term. Since then, twenty-one other commissions have been established. The last chairman of the Judicial Commission was retired Supreme Court Justice B.S. Chauhan, who completed his term on August 31, 2018. Subsequently, the Commission was not reconstituted. It consists of: On 10 June 2016, Mr. Satya Pal Jain, Deputy Attorney General of India, was appointed as a part-time member of the Commission.  Retired Supreme Court President Rituraj Awasthi has been appointed chairman of the Judicial Commission, Justice Minister Kiren Rijiju said Monday. The Commission`s authority to consider suo motu issues and make recommendations has also proved beneficial to the Indian legal system. [ref. needed] The history of the Commission is replete with such recommendations made during the hour where the law had to be amended.
[ref. In addition, the Commission has often been referred to consider its previous reports in the context of changing scenarios and legal capacity in such situations. [ref. needed] In particular, euthanasia and related issues have been one of those areas where the Commission has examined the situation at least three times, most recently in its 196th report on the subject. [ref. needed] The Eighteenth Law Commission of India was established on 1 September 2006 and ran until 31 August 2009. Mr. Jagannadha Rao remained Chairman of the Commission until 28 May 2007.
Lakshmanan was appointed chairman of the commission. He presented the following reports: The Legal Commission is composed for three years and the 22nd Legal Commission. Although the notification was not immediately available, the mandate of the Committee on Legal Affairs was due to last until February next year. Once the report has been submitted to the Ministry of Law and Justice, the Commission terminates, unless it is obliged to revise certain areas or to provide clarification by the Government on the report submitted. Upon receipt of the report, it shall be responsible for following up on the recommendations made by the Commission in the report. In general, the Ministry of Law and Justice transmits the report and its observations to other relevant ministries of the Government of India, seeking their views on the appropriateness of the recommendation and determining with them how these recommendations will be implemented. If the proposals are approved by the various ministries and approved by the Council of Ministers, the Ministry of Law and Justice works on the drafting of implementing laws or follows the draft submitted by the Legal Commission (which is usually the case) and submits it to Parliament for approval. The Commission`s recommendations are not binding on the government.
“These are recommendations. They can be accepted or rejected. The implementation of these recommendations depends on the ministries/departments dealing with the subject matter of the recommendations.  This has led to the failure to implement a number of important and essential recommendations. However, the Commission continued to work on the tasks entrusted to it. Justice Awasthi took office as CJ of the Karnataka High Court in October 2021 and retired in July this year. He headed the court that in March this year upheld the state government`s restriction on women and girls wearing the hijab in educational institutions. Last month, a two-judge chamber of the Supreme Court issued a split decision on the appeal against the Supreme Court`s order. The Sixteenth Law Commission was established in 2000. Until 2001, Judge B.P.
Jeevan Reddy remained Chairman of the Commission, while the Commission worked between 2002 and 2003 under the chairmanship of Judge Jagannadha Rao.  It submitted the following reports:  The 22nd Commission was constituted two and a half years after its confirmation by the Union Cabinet on 19 February 2020, shortly before the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic. As a result, a petition was filed with the Supreme Court against the delay in the constitution of the 22nd Commission. The tradition of conducting legal reforms through a legal commission continued in post-independent India. The First Legal Commission of Independent India was established in 1955 and twenty other legal commissions have been established since then. Each of these commissions was led by a leading legal entity in India and made a significant contribution to the Indian legal diaspora. The contribution of each of these commissions is indicated below. The first Legal Commission of independent India was established in 1955.
The Chairman of the Commission was Mr. M. C. Setalvad, who was also the first Attorney General of India. The mandate of this Commission was set at three years (which has been contractually respected to date) and this Commission submitted its last report on 16 September 1958. The reports submitted by the First Law Commission of India are as follows:  In addition to the Ministry of Justice, the Supreme Court has also asked the Commission to deal with specific issues and present its views on various occasions. The most recent concerns the Commission`s 205th report, prepared in response to the Supreme Court`s request for assistance in determining “certain legal issues relating to child marriage and the different ages at which a person is defined as a child in different laws”. The report sparked a public debate in India because, among other things, it recommended lowering the age of marriage for boys to the level of girls to 18, instead of the long-standing 21 and 18 respectively. Now, the Centre has requested the 22nd Judicial Commission of India to conduct an investigation into various related matters. One of the most important issues before the Legal Affairs Committee is the call for an amendment to the Indian Penal Code in response to allegations of abuse and arbitrary application of the law.